If You Have Arthritis, Realize the Benefits of Exercise
By: Janak R. Goyal, M.D., RDMS, RVT, RPVI, FACP, FACR
If you have arthritis, you may think you shouldn’t exercise because it could make your condition worse. But actually, you can improve your health and fitness through exercise, without damaging your joints.
Exercise can help you keep your joints moving and keep the muscles around your joints strong. It can also keep your bone and cartilage tissue strong and healthy, and improve your ability to do daily activities. Along with medicine and rest, regular exercise of your joints—when they aren’t swollen—can help keep them in working order. This lets you continue your daily activities. It also may help prevent more joint damage.
If you don’t exercise, your joints can become even more stiff and painful. If you have arthritis, it’s important to keep your muscles as strong as possible. The stronger the muscles and tissue around your joints, the better they’ll be able to support and protect your joints. This includes even those weak and damaged areas from arthritis. If you don’t exercise, your muscles become smaller and weaker. Your bones become brittle and more likely to fracture. Exercise helps keep your joints as flexible as possible. This allows you to continue your daily tasks by yourself as much as possible.
The exercise that’s best for you depends on the type of arthritis you have. It also depends on which joints are affected, and how severe your arthritis is. Your health care provider, physical therapist, or rehabilitation specialist can help decide the best exercise program for you.
People with arthritis often benefit from range-of-motion, strengthening, and endurance exercises. Range-of-motion exercises reduce stiffness and help keep your joints flexible. Controlled stretching promotes a normal range of motion, or the amount your joints can be moved in certain directions. Strengthening exercises help to maintain or increase muscle strength, and endurance exercises strengthen your heart, giving you more energy so you can exercise or be physically active longer without tiring as quickly. Walking, exercising in water, and riding a stationary bicycle are among the most useful endurance exercises for people with arthritis.
If you haven’t been exercising regularly or you have pain, stiffness, or weakness that interrupts your daily activities, get your health care provider’s approval. Then start your exercise program with flexibility and strengthening exercises only. You’ll soon be on your way to improved health and fitness!
Board certified Rheumatologist Janak Goyal, M.D., is a member of the Human Motion Institute at Raritan Bay Medical Center, a member of the Hackensack Meridian Health family. The Institute is a comprehensive musculoskeletal program dedicated to returning patients to normal activities quickly and safely under the guidance of a nurse navigator. To make an appointment with Dr. Goyal at his Perth Amboy office, call 855-5-MOTION.
With locations in Perth Amboy and Old Bridge, New Jersey, Raritan Bay Medical Center delivers critical world-class healthcare services care to Monmouth and Middlesex County residents. As providers of first-class healthcare in the areas of stroke, cardiology, cancer, physical rehabilitation, pulmonary rehabilitation, pediatric medicine, Raritan Bay Medical Center continues to stay on the forefront of medicine.
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